Questions for GEB Unit XVIII

Mårten Stenius URL:

Page and figure references are from the English Penguin Books edition, unless otherwise noted.

"SHRDLU, Toy of Man's Designing"
and "Artificial Intelligence: Retrospects"

At pp. 601-603, Hofstadter lists some of the domains of AI, all of which are said to require intelligence. Now, what attempts have there been to examine what all these domains/problems have in common?

Why is the look-ahead part of Samuel's Checker Program called dynamic? It seems to me that looking ahead and mechanically choosing the best way is just as static as the no-look-ahead approach. The combination of the two would in my opinion deserve to be called dynamic...